DISCOVER CARPET ART

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 © Muzej primenjene umetnosti, Beograd


Name of Object:

Carpet

Location:

Belgrade, Serbia

Holding Museum:

Museum of Applied Art

Date:

19th century

Type of object:

Carpet

Museum Inventory Number:

68

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Wool; asymmetrical knots

Dimensions:

H: 158cm, W: 122cm

Provenance:

Balucistan

Description:

Carpets had a number of functions in Central Asia, dictated by the specific way of life in this part of the world. The nomadic tribes wove smaller carpets, while the population in large settlements mostly used larger carpets. These carpets retained a great number of traditional patterns since they were less exposed to foreign influences. A strictly geometric pattern is always used in composing the design and flowers are skillfully stylised into geometric shapes. In prayer rugs, the top of mihrab or prayer niche is slightly emphasised. The central field is most often filled with geometric shapes – octagons, rhombi or stars. The rhombi are sometimes graduated and sometimes filled with hook motifs. Motifs taken from nature most often take on an octagonal shape. We also encounter dogs and camels, faithful companions of the nomads. Carpets belonging to this group are always distinguished by a central field and borders, usually three borders of which the middle border is most accentuated. The so-called ensi rugs have a central field within a frame or cross, which are filled with decorative patterns. The colours are mainly dark, mostly different shades of red, from brown to purple. The borders and central field are always the same colour, which may vary in tone. The individual patterns are blue, green, yellow and white. The warp is traditionally wool, and the weft and pile material fine sheep’s or goat’s wool, sometimes even camel hair. The carpets are usually made by knotting and the asymmetrical knot is almost always used. The central field of this carpet is divided into patterned strips with four mini-fields and at the centre of each of them is the tree of life. The main field has six borders of which two narrow ones are repeated, while the other four are different. The third border from the edge is the widest and is filled with geometric shapes in the form of squares. The overriding colours are dark red, blue, white and brown.

How date and origin were established:

Ref. Stojanović, D., Orijentalni tepisi i ćilimi [Summary in English], Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 1971.

How Object was obtained:

Obtained through the restitution after the Second World War

Selected bibliography:

Vitković-Žikić, M., "Odsek za tekstil i kostim", in I. Zorić (ed.), 55 godina Muzeja primenjene umetnosti: 1950–2005, Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 2005: 97–121.
Stojanović, D., Orijentalni tepisi i ćilimi [Summary in English], Belgrade: Muzej primenjene umetnosti, 1971.

Citation of this web page:

 "Carpet"  [db_in_citation_dca]  2017. http://www.discovercarpetart.org/database_item.php?itemId=object;DCA;sb;Mus31;3;en

MWNF Working Number: RS1_003